Thuparamaya: A Glimpse into Sri Lanka's Ancient Sacred Stupa


Sri Lanka, an island nation nestled in the Indian Ocean, boasts a rich cultural heritage that dates back centuries. Among the many treasures that the country holds, Thuparamaya stands as a testament to its historical significance and religious devotion. In this article, we will delve into the intriguing history, architecture, and spiritual importance of Thuparamaya, a sacred stupa that has captured the hearts of countless pilgrims and travelers over the ages.

Unveiling the Origins

Thuparamaya, located in the sacred city of Anuradhapura, is considered the first dagoba (stupa) built in Sri Lanka. It was commissioned during the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa in the 3rd century BCE. This significant structure was constructed to house relics of Lord Buddha, making it a hallowed site for Buddhists around the world.

Architectural Marvel

The Hemispherical Wonder

One cannot help but be awed by the stupa’s architectural grandeur. Thuparamaya, with its hemispherical shape, stands as a magnificent example of ancient engineering. The stupa is constructed using precisely cut stone blocks and a unique domed design that has weathered the test of time. Its sheer size and precision hint at the remarkable craftsmanship of its builders.

The Vatadage

Surrounding Thuparamaya is the Vatadage, an exquisite circular platform adorned with intricately carved stone pillars. This architectural marvel served as a protective shrine for the stupa and remains a mesmerizing sight for visitors.

Spiritual Significance

A Center of Worship

Thuparamaya is not merely an architectural marvel; it is a center of worship and devotion. Buddhists from around the world visit this sacred site to pay their respects to the relics of Lord Buddha enshrined within. The serenity and spiritual aura surrounding Thuparamaya make it an ideal place for meditation and reflection.

Festival Celebrations

Throughout the year, Thuparamaya witnesses numerous religious festivals and ceremonies. Perhaps the most significant of these is the annual Kathina ceremony, where devotees offer robes and other necessities to the resident monks. The atmosphere during these festivals is imbued with spirituality, drawing pilgrims and tourists alike.

Preservation Efforts

Preserving Thuparamaya for future generations is a priority for Sri Lanka. The site has undergone extensive renovation and restoration work to ensure its longevity. This dedication to conservation ensures that the stupa continues to stand as a symbol of Sri Lanka’s cultural and religious heritage.


Thuparamaya, with its ancient origins, remarkable architecture, and spiritual significance, holds a special place in the hearts of Sri Lankans and Buddhists worldwide. Visiting this sacred stupa is not just a journey through time but also a profound spiritual experience that leaves a lasting impression.

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